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Gall Bladder Conditions

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Dr. Raj Kotak at Florida Hospital North Pinellas Surgical Institute is a general surgeon who specializes in the treatment of gall bladder conditions including gall stones, cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, sclerosing cholangitis, biliary dyskinesia, polyps, abscesses and more.  Physicians from across the Tampa region routinely refer their patients with suspected gall bladder disease to Dr. Kotak’s care because of his strong track record for healing such conditions and exceeding patient expectations. He may remove the gall bladder by open method or via a minimally invasive, laparoscopic procedure that results in less scarring and a quicker recovery time.

See below for more information on gall bladder conditions we treat, and call us at 727.270.9927 to arrange for a surgical consult with Dr. Kotak.

Types of Gall Bladder Disease

  • Gallstones are hard formations that develop from substances within the bile and can form an obstruction.
  • Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder and is the most commonly seen form of gallbladder disorder. It can occur as an acute condition due to gallstones, and causes symptoms such as nausea and vomiting after a large meal, or may be a chronic condition with similar symptoms of longer duration.
  • Choledocholithiasisis what happens when gallstones get stuck in the passageway to the gallbladder or within the bile ducts, causing a backup of bile that results in extreme abdominal pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting, fever and chills.
  • Sclerosing Cholangitis is a condition in which the bile ducts have become scarred and inflamed. This can cause the liver or spleen to be enlarged and is often accompanied by weight loss.
  • Biliary Dyskinesiais a condition in which the valves or muscles of the gallbladder are not functioning normally. It does not indicate the presence of gallstones.

Symptoms of a Gall Bladder Problem

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Discolored stools
  • Jaundice
  • Low blood pressure
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever and chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Enlarged spleen or liver


  • Physical exam and medical history
  • X-rays
  • Ultrasonography
  • Blood tests to evaluate liver function

Surgical Treatments

  • Open or laparoscopic surgery to remove the gallbladder